environmental impact of pgm mining in south africa

  • The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining

    2010-4-1 · At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ∼88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

  • Health and environmental impacts of gold and platinum

    2014-9-9 · The main environmental impacts of platinum mining Solid waste tailings dams and waste rock dumps 580 000 tons ore/ton Pt produced; Plus waste rock: 20% 90% of ore (UGM) Water consumption: 273 to 544 m3/kg PGM (average about 400 m3/kg) Energy consumption (mine, concentrator and smelter): 168 to 256 GJ/ kg PGM CO 2e emissions: 40 to 50 t/kg PGM

  • [PDF] The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM

    The environmental costs could therefore expected to be more significant than gold mining in contrast to the uses for PGMs in many environmentally focussed technologies. The global production of PGMs is dominated by South Africa due to their large economic PGM resources in the Bushveld Complex, while other countries play a minor but important

  • The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining: An

    2009-9-22 · additional 81,000 t PGMs in the reserve base category about 88% is in South Africa, with 8% in Russia. Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing There are broadly considered to be four main types of economic PGM mineral deposits [4]: • Norite intrusions where meteoritic impact has been instrumental in PGM emplacement; eg.

  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PLATINUM GROUP

    2020-1-24 · with mined ore grades ranging from 2 to 6 grams per tonne. 1 PGM mining is a capital, energy and labour intensive process; extraction, concentration and refining of the metals require quite complex processes that may take up to six months. Most of the largest primary producers of PGMs are located in South Africa which hosts

  • The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining

    For platinum mining, we find that by comparing the operations phase of terrestrial and space mining, space mining would have a lower environmental impact, if

  • impact of mining activities in South Africa S. Chevrel

    2014-5-14 · impact of mining activities in South Africa S. Chevrel * and H. Coetzee * *BRGM, National Geological Survey, Environmental Geology Dpi, #f 600P #060 CW6mj CW&x 2 France, email: [email protected] ^Council for Geoscience (Geological Survey of South Africa), Geophysics Division, Private Bag XI12, Pretoria 001, South Africa email: henkc

  • ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING IN

    2014-10-8 · continues to grow worldwide, the impact of mining will be an increasingly important concern in the field of environmental science. In Africa, because of economic pressures and slower evolution of environmental awareness, local communities have been particularly exposed to the detrimental effects of contamination arising from mining

  • (PDF) Harmful mining activities, environmental

    Harmful mining activities, environmental impacts and effects in the mining communities in South Africa: a critical perspective December 2017

  • Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human

    2021-5-18 · The effects of mining coal persists for years after coal is removed. Dear Readers, please refer to this latest article regarding the serious effects of Acid Mine Drainage on the environment and human lives in South Africa

  • [PDF] The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM

    The environmental costs could therefore expected to be more significant than gold mining in contrast to the uses for PGMs in many environmentally focussed technologies. The global production of PGMs is dominated by South Africa due to their large economic PGM resources in the Bushveld Complex, while other countries play a minor but important

  • Case study on PGMs and nickel mining in South Africa

    2020-6-23 · mining, related environmental risks and raw material supply . Case study on PGMs and nick el mining in South Africa . by . Lukas Rüttinger, Christine Scholl, Pia van Ackern adelphi research gGmbh, Berlin . and . Glen Corder, Artem Golev,Thomas Baumgartl The University of Queensland, Sustainable Minerals Institute, Australia

  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PLATINUM GROUP

    2020-1-24 · with mined ore grades ranging from 2 to 6 grams per tonne. 1 PGM mining is a capital, energy and labour intensive process; extraction, concentration and refining of the metals require quite complex processes that may take up to six months. Most of the largest primary producers of PGMs are located in South Africa which hosts

  • The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on South

    2020-6-25 · The PGM mining workforce in South Africa is set to double to more than 160 000 from June as a result of the South African government lowering the COVID-19 related lockdown level, which allows for the return to 100% mining capacity.

  • Platinum Minerals Council South Africa

    2021-5-18 · Platinum mining in South Africa. In South Africa, the discovery of the first platinum nuggets dates back to 1924. The geologist Hans Merensky’s follow-up work resulted in the discovery of two deposits, each around 100km in length, which became known as the Bushveld Igneous Complex.

  • SA Mine 2020 PwC South Africa

    Gold mining companies had an increase of 35% in revenue. Revenue for the ‘other mining’ segments increased by 7%. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic was evident from April 2020, with reductions in revenue being seen across the industry. South African PGMs and gold are mainly mined in deep-level underground mines and were therefore hardest hit.

  • SA Mine 2020 Essential and Resilient PwC South Africa

    2020-10-7 · Mining in South Africa Mining is the largest industry (based on GDP) in four of South Africa’s provinces, namely, the North West, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and the Northern Cape.1 The map below shows the most distinctive metals and minerals mined and locations for investment, according to the Department of Trade, Industry and Competition (the dtic

  • (PDF) " PLATINUM EXTRACTION AND PURIFICATION,

    (C.R.M. Rao & G.S. Reddi, 2000) The largest reserves of PGE are located in the Bushveld Igneous Complex (BIC) of South Africa The world reserve base of PGM is estimated to be 80,000 tonnes localized mostly in South Africa (> 80%) followed by Russia and areas in Canada, Zimbabwe and USA (Johnson Matthey, 2001) 9 Physical Properties of Platinum

  • The Environmental Impact of Mining (Different

    2020-5-27 · The Environmental Impact of Mining . Here’s a quick outline of the various environmental effects of mining, and why mining is bad for the environment. Air Pollution. Ore dust and gases released by the mining process are bad for the health of miners as well as the environment. Over time, exposure to the dust created by mining operations can

  • The future of the platinum industry and its

    2014-8-11 · In South Africa, ‘approximately 59% of the industry is either marginal or loss-making’, as it is difficult to keep marginal production costs below $1,600/oz. The platinum price is currently around $1,460/oz, with a 200-day moving average of roughly $1,430.

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